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Standard American Bridge Lesson 2

Opening Bids at the Level of 1

Ranking of Suits - the ranking of bids from highest to lowest

NT NoTrumps
These are listed in descending order: NoTrumps (NT) is the highest bid winning over suit bids:
Spades is the highest ranking suit
followed by hearts
then by diamonds
and the lowest ranking suit is clubs

Comment: The importance of this ranking is to do with winning the bidding for a contract. You can win the contract at any level by bidding a higher ranking suit

Opener’s First Bid

The first person to make a bid (other than pass) is called the opener. You should have at least 13 TP to open the bidding.

Start with your longest suit – “Length before Strength”.

When you open with a bid at the level of 1 you are saying that you expect to win at least 7 tricks out of the 13 tricks available in the game. This bid also nominates the suit you bid as the trump suit.

The rules differ according to whether you open a major or minor suit.

The Major Suits are Spades and Hearts

1 or 1 , opening bids

· 13-21 TP
· promises a 5-card suit
· open longest suit
· with two 5-card suits, open the higher ranked suit

Hand 1.

Your Hand
J 5 4 3 2
6 5
Your Bid
The correct opening bid here is 1 Even though the spade suit is stronger, the heart suit is longer and should be bid first.

Minor Suits - Diamonds and Clubs

1 or 1 opening bids

· 13-21 TP
· your better minor suit
· promises at least a 3- card suit
· open longest suit, regardless of quality
· with two 4-card suits, open the lower ranked suit

Hand 2.

Your Hand
A 8 6 3
A Q 3 2
Your Bid
The correct opening bid here is 1. With two 4-card minors open the lower. You can bid your spade suit later, if possible.


  PREVIOUS LESSON - Hand Evaluation    NEXT LESSON - Bidding Game  
1. Introduction To Bridge - Hand Evaluation
2. Opening Bids
3. Bidding Game
4. Responder Bidding
5. Opener Rebids
6. Responder Suit Bids
7. Responder No Trump Bids
9. Responding To Overcalls
10. Opening 1NT
11. Responding With Balanced Hands
12. Responding With An Unbalanced Hand
13. NoTrump Rebids
14. Responses To NoTrump Rebids
15. Overcall Or Double
16. Takeout Doubles
17. Responses To Takeout Doubles
18. Opening 2NT
19. Responses To 2NT
20. Opening Strong 2 Clubs
21. Responding to a Strong 2 Club Opening
22. Responding to an Opening Weak 2 Bid

BL 1 © House of Cards 2008:  

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